[[Bruno Frey]] is a distinguished professor of economics at the [[University of Zürich]]. He has published as many as 433 articles in academic journals of economics<ref>http://ideas.repec.org/top/top.person.nbworks.html#pfr6</ref>. He is well-known for his research on happiness and neo-classical concept of economic rationality. He ranks 70th in the REPEC worldwide citation ranking for academic economists<ref>http://ideas.repec.org/top/top.person.all.html</ref>
==First reports of self-plagiarism and subsequent reprimand==
In the spring and summer of 2011, several weblogs reported on a possible violation of academic integrity by Bruno Frey<ref>http://andrewgelman.com/2011/04/arrows_other_th/</ref><ref>http://economiclogic.blogspot.com/2011/04/on-ethics-of-research-cloning.html</ref><ref>http://economicsintelligence.com/2011/07/07/a-summary-of-the-bruno-frey-affair/</ref>. Allegedly Bruno Frey, together with co-authors Benno Torgler and David Savage, submitted different versions of a paper on survival probabilities on the Titanic to several academic journals of economics without each of the papers citing the other ones. The editors of four academic journals went on to publish the articles. This form of [[self-plagiarism]] is considered unethical by the academic profession since this limits the possibilities of other scholars to contribute to the scientific debate while, if the duplication goes unnoticed, it adds to the academic reputation of the authors, whose academic status is generally measured by the number of publications and the reputation of the academic journals. Most academic journals let authors sign a statement to make sure parts of the work have not been published earlier and like many universities, the University of Zürich prohibits self-plagiarism by its employees.
In a rare move, the editor of the [[Journal of Economic Perspectives]], [[David Autor]] published correspondence between him and Bruno Frey where he deplored the fact that Frey et al. had simultaneously submitted articles on the Titanic disaster to the Journal of Economic Perspectives, the Journal of Economic Behavior and Organizations and Rationality & Society, stating that “The [[American Economic Association]] does not intend to pursue legal action against you for violation of copyright. However, we find this matter ethically dubious and disrespectful to Association, the Journal of Economic Perspectives and the JEP ’s readers”. In a reply, Frey wrote I have forwarded the letter to Benno Torgler and we well understand your very serious complaint and we both agree that you are right. It was a grave mistake on our part for which we deeply apologize. It should never have happened. This is deplorable. We both wish to emphasize that as senior researchers we take full responsibility”<ref>http://pubs.aeaweb.org/doi/pdfplus/10.1257/jep.25.3.239</ref>. A similar article had also been published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
==New cases of self-plagiarism==
In August 2011, reports of additional cases of self-plagiarism surfaced on the internet<ref>http://www.econjobrumors.com/topic/bfs-co-authors-want-to-defend-yourselves</ref>. They are shown here as examples of self-plagiarism.
===Bruno Frey solo===
'''Perspectives on Psychological Science 2006 (does not cite EMR or articles with Susanne Neckermann)<ref>http://pps.sagepub.com/content/1/4/377.short</ref>, abstract: '''
"Awards in the form of orders, medals, decorations, prizes, and titles are ubiquitous in monarchies and republics, private organizations, and not-for-profit and profit-oriented firms. Nevertheless, this kind of nonmaterial extrinsic incentive has been given little attention in the social sciences, including psychology. The demand for awards relies on an individual’s desire for distinct...See full post