Yes, it's a good job. Salary is great, work is a bit intellectual, although nothing near what you trained for in your PhD..It's more about predicting macro variables and analyzing them. At Goldman specifically, lots of former IMF economists, some I know in London.
As previous poster you can do this job without a PhD..But getting in as an economist with a PhD, at least MRM PhD, is always a great idea..Though LRM people can get lucky. I've seen this happen. Salary is great. You can enter at associate level and above.
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can candidates get one of these directly from the job market or is experience at a Fed or the IMF necessary first?